Today 4th February is celebrated as “World Cancer Day” across Worldwide. The number of cancer patients is increasing with the advancement of time. Cancer is not a single but a cluster of diseases which is caused due to abnormal cell growth of the body and which also has the potential to spread to other parts of the body. These abnormal cells growth can be classified into two terms. One is termed as Benign tumours – in such case cells grows and multiply abnormally but do not spread to other parts of the body, they are not considered as dangerous and can be removed by surgery or laser therapy. The second term is known as Malignant tumours, they can be life-threatening, these cells grow and spread at a faster speed to different parts of the body. If treatment is not done at the early stages, these tumours tend to destroy and spread to other tissues and form secondary tumours at the sites they settle on.
Why Cancer day is celebrated on February 4 every year all over the world? What objective is hiding behind the celebration of this day? Well, World Cancer Day observation began from the year 1933 in Geneva, Switzerland by Union for International Cancer Control. Gradually it spread all over the World. The main objective of this celebration is spreading awareness related to cancer diseases and ways of avoiding it. A popular myth that cancer spreads through touch is false, Cancer is not a Communicable disease.
According to 2018 report of WHO. The most common cancers are:
- Lung (2.09 million cases)
- Breast (2.09 million cases
- Colorectal (1.80 million cases)
- Prostate (1.28 million cases)
- Skin cancer (non-melanoma) (1.04 million cases)
- Stomach (1.03 million cases)
The most common causes of cancer death are cancers of:
- Lung (1.76 million deaths)
- Colorectal (862 000 deaths)
- Stomach (783 000 deaths)
- Liver (782 000 deaths)
- Breast (627 000 deaths)
Have you ever wondered why cancer cases rates are increasing nowadays? You may not believe the reason behind it is very ordinary and if we stay a little care we can overcome cancer rates. Yes, our sedentary lifestyles and foods are the reasons we need to check upon. People of present times are living a very hectic life. Lazy lifestyle without exercises, proper foods and nutrition which eventually exposes our body to many diseases such as various types of cancers.
Poor lifestyle and some worst hygiene practices are major reasons for cancer-causing in India. People who are habituated to smoking are more prone to lung cancer and oral cancer while people who are habituated to the consumption of alcohol are more prone to suffer from colon cancer, liver cancer and breast cancer. Including exercises in daily routine and adopting.
a properly balanced diet and good nutritious foods can help in reducing the risk of cancers. Avoiding junk foods and replacing refined oil with mustard oil or coconut oil or olive oil while cooking can help to achieve good health. Our daily diet must include at least one cup of seasonal fruits, two cups of vegetables and lentils. and eggs, chicken, fish, dairy products such as milk, cheese, and yoghurt in addition.
There is a famous proverb “prevention is better than cure”. So adopting small initiatives and making slight changes in our regular lifestyle can help us in achieving good health. These beneficial changes can keep us away from many diseases. On this World Cancer Day lets make our World cancer-free.